ENCODE, or Encyclopedia for DNA elements, is as important an achievement as Dark Matter or Higgs-Boson, but, considerably much lesser known.
Thirty papers were released in Nature and two other distinguished journals simultaneously earlier this month. They collectively prove that huge parts of DNA that were earlier considered ‘junk’ are not that idle.
They function as number of loops, switches, amplifiers, suppressors and every imaginable electronic component in the regulation of gene expression. Genetics is not as simple as we think.